Geologist Jenisse Dowell N. Medel attended the Seminar on SCOSSO: An Overview of Multi-Hazard Vulnerability Assessment of Schools (The Case of Cagayan de Oro City). The seminar was held at Xavier University, Cagayan de Oro City on February 14, 2017. The seminar consisted of three(3) lectures, showcasing the hazard assessment of schools in Cagayan de Oro City, which was conducted by experts from the University College London (UCL). Survey results of the SCOSSO (Safer COmmunities through Safer SchOols in the Philippines) Project, which started last August 2016, was also presented during the seminar.
The first lecture was on Global Framework/Program for Safer Schools (GPSS) given by Prof. Dina D’Ayala, the Co-Director of Earthquake and People Interaction Centre (EPICentre) based in UCL. Included in the GPSS is the establishment of a baseline for school safety, as well as the vulnerability assessment of schools in disaster-prone regions of the world.
The second lecture was on an Overview of SCOSSO Project & Initial Outcomes presented by Mr. Arash Nassirpour, a Ph.D candidate at UCL. The SCOSSO Project, in association with Xavier University – Ateneo de Cagayan and De La Salle University, is an endeavor which aims to develop an innovative, advanced, multi-hazard risk assessment framework for school infrastructure in the Philippines. Data gathered from the survey results of the SCOSSO Project are preliminary, and is limited to only nine (9) elementary school compounds within or near Cagayan de Oro City. The survey sought to know the materials used in the infrastructures within the school compounds, as well as the hazards and risk posed by the environment within and near the compounds.
The last lecture was on Non-structural Vulnerability and Methodology for Casualty Estimation given by Mr. Nicola Branchini, another Ph.D candidate at UCL. Non-Structural Elements include chairs, tables, filing cabinets, fans, lockers, and anything not firmly fixed to the wall or the ground. Most of these pose risks during earthquakes due to being unfixed. These may fall over people, particularly little children in schools, and/or may block pathways to emergency exits in the event of an earthquake. Casualty estimation takes into account the hazard posed by unperceivable events, such as an earthquake, and the response of a building to that particular hazard. The framework of casualty estimation begins by looking at the global collapse in the event of a disaster, and proceeds in descending order of scope of collapse.